Indian Magazine Applauds the Poetic Genius of a Kashmiri Bard Revering Karbala's Essence! Facilitating Arbaeen Pilgrimage: Pakistan Proposes Free Visas for Karbala-bound Travelers Are the Narrations of Karbala Reliable? A conversation with a Japanese clerk Sheikh Ibrahim Swada Interview with an American Orientalist Unity in Faith: Iraq and Pakistan Set the Stage for Pilgrim-Friendly Policies in Karbala and Najaf Pictures: Museum of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history? - Part II How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history - Part I The center holds a seminar On the unseen dimensions of the personality of Imam Hussein, peace be upon him (Part One) Mr. Abdul Amir Al-Quraishi receives the delegation of the Iranian Arbaeen Committee From the sea to Al-Hussein sacred slaughter place Roofing the streets of the old city (views) A delegation from Karbala Center for Studies and Research visits the Media Department at Al-Hussaini Holy Shrine Karbala: Tarateel Sajjadiyya Festival With Pictures … Arbaeen pilgrims walking from the southernmost point of Iraq Publication of the eleventh issue of (The Week) newsletter Karbala theater produced by history and represented by reality (scenes) The committees of the International Conference for the Arbaeen visitation hold their session in preparation for the conference A meeting on ideological linguistic vocabulary
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09:39 AM | 2023-07-31 1544
جانب من تشيع الشهيد زكي غنام
تحميل الصورة

Tell me about Ashura

The day of Ashura is on the 10th of Muharram — the first month of the Islamic calendar. The day holds great religious and historical significance for Muslims.

HISTORY OF ASHURA

Ashura marks the tragic ‘Battle of Karbala’ incident in which the 7th-century revolutionary leader Husayn ibn Ali was killed. Millions of Muslims across the world observe the day of Ashura to remember Husayn’s sacrifice and dignified stance on social justice. 

The story dates back to events that took place 13 centuries ago, following the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 A.D. The leader and caliph of the Muslim community were to be decided, over which a dispute started. Abu Bakr, the Prophet’s close companion, was backed by most Muslims to inherit the leadership and become the first caliph. Others advocated for the Prophet’s son-in-law and cousin, Ali, as the rightful successor. Those who supported this claim led to the creation of the Shia sect of Muslims. Whether or not he was selected as caliph, Ali is considered by Shia Muslims as their first imam, a divinely appointed leader. Sons and descendants of Ali would carry the title. Shias started following their Imam as the true leader, regardless of the title of caliph. 

When Ali’s second son Husayn became the third imam, the dispute between the imam and the caliph intensified. From 661 to 750 A.D., the Umayyad dynasty ruled the Islamic kingdom. One of the caliphs named Yazīd ordered Husayn to pledge allegiance to him and his caliphate in the holy month of Muharram in 680 A.D. Husayn rejected the order, as he believed Yazīd to be an illegitimate and unjust ruler. 

His refusal resulted in a massive battle in the desert of Karbala (modern-day Iraq) between Husayn’s small tribe and Yazīd’s vast army, which lasted 10 days. Husayn’s tribe included his sisters, half-brother, wives, children, and closest companions.

Husayn and his followers were surrounded and stopped by Umayyad soldiers at Karbala. On the day of Ashura, Husayn and his men made their final prayers at dawn, anticipating their fate. Despite knowing they would die that day, the men stayed loyal to Husayn and his cause. The battle of Karbala began at noon. Knowing that their sacrifice would ignite the revolution, Husayn’s men fought Yazīd’s army bravely. One after another, the companions were killed. Only Husayn remained standing alone. 

Food and water supplies were cut off for Husayn and his companions by the Umayyad army. Heavily wounded and thirsty, Husayn did not give up. As the evening drew near, the army of Yazīd attacked Husayn from all sides, brutally killing him.

 

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