On January 21, 1902, the final concession agreement for the construction and operation of the Baghdad Railway was signed between the Ottoman State and the Anatolian Railway Company.
According to Raillynews.com, the duration of the contract was determined as 99 years. The route was Konya-Karaman-Eregli-Adana-Hamidiye-Kilis-Abyss-Nusaybin-Mosul-Tekrik-Samarra-Baghdad-Karbala-Najaf was determined as Basra.
Even a large number of branch lines with a total length of 2467 km would be laid. The company was granted the right to operate a ship between Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa, making a port in Baghdad, Basra, and Iskenderun Bay.