Inside one of the world's great pilgrimages, invited to experience Arbaeen, a vicar ponders its perpetual lament Indian Magazine Applauds the Poetic Genius of a Kashmiri Bard Revering Karbala's Essence! Facilitating Arbaeen Pilgrimage: Pakistan Proposes Free Visas for Karbala-bound Travelers Are the Narrations of Karbala Reliable? A conversation with a Japanese clerk Sheikh Ibrahim Swada Interview with an American Orientalist Unity in Faith: Iraq and Pakistan Set the Stage for Pilgrim-Friendly Policies in Karbala and Najaf Pictures: Museum of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history? - Part II How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history - Part I The center holds a seminar On the unseen dimensions of the personality of Imam Hussein, peace be upon him (Part One) Mr. Abdul Amir Al-Quraishi receives the delegation of the Iranian Arbaeen Committee From the sea to Al-Hussein sacred slaughter place Roofing the streets of the old city (views) A delegation from Karbala Center for Studies and Research visits the Media Department at Al-Hussaini Holy Shrine Karbala: Tarateel Sajjadiyya Festival With Pictures … Arbaeen pilgrims walking from the southernmost point of Iraq Publication of the eleventh issue of (The Week) newsletter Karbala theater produced by history and represented by reality (scenes) The committees of the International Conference for the Arbaeen visitation hold their session in preparation for the conference
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01:06 PM | 2019-12-16 1889
جانب من تشيع الشهيد زكي غنام
تحميل الصورة

The role of - Alexander the Great - in the establishment of Karbala's irrigation projects

As it is known that civilizations are born near the waters, therefore, the holy city of Karbala which always was characterized with abundant water and fertile agricultural lands, had its notable share of ancient civilizations that have developed it over the course of its blessed history.

Among the flourishing periods of this holy city was the era of "Alexander the Great", who was very interested in developing the irrigation projects in Mesopotamia. So, he reclaimed large areas of land in the marshes of Babylon, built many dams, and reformed a number of ancient streams. It was attributed to him the selection of the current site of "Shatt-el-Hindiah" river, as well as many important projects whose impact has been extended to the present time. (1)

Among the highlights written about that period, is the notes of British engineer "Sir. William Wilcox" as he was the supervisor of Iraq's irrigation works in the early twentieth century, saying that the first urban project made by "Alexander the Great" in Babel province was the "Balacobas" river stream before changing its name to "Al-Hindiah branch", to become today the main course of the Euphrates.


(1) Karbala Civilizational Encyclopedia - Historical Axis, Part III.

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