The story of Karbala Part I Indian prime Minister calls to remember Imam Hussain’s sacrifices on the day of Ashura Ashura:The day that is marked across the whole world Thousands observe 7th Muharram rituals in Kashmir's Srinagar  The story of Karbala was written by Imam Hussein's blood: Pakistani Academic Imam Hussein’s loyal Companions in Karbala Pictures: The KCSR covered in black, marking the first days of Muharram 1444 AH Pictures: Kashmir covered in black to observe Karbala tragedy Zainabia Islamic Center in Australia to Host Karbala Mourning Ceremonies Najaf-Karbala railway project to be discussed by Iraq’s GCIR, China’s Norinco Company Karbala-inspired Inter-Faith Conference to be held in India Preparations for Eid al-Ghadeer in a British city, report A delegation from the Vatican State visits KCSR, reviews its most prominent activities Pictures: Worshippers Attend Eid Al-Adha Prayers in Karbala What is Arbaeen and how do believers mark it? A documentary about Arbaeen pilgrimage by the French Institute of Iraq, released Pictures: Karbala's mourning processions commemorate the martyrdom anniversary of Imam al-Jawad 2022 Arbaeen’s Slogan, unveiled A book about Husseini discourse published in Turkey Pictures: an Intimate Glimpse of the Religious Holiday of Arbaeen

Air Quality Analyses in the City of Karbala, Iraq - A scientific research

10:04 AM | 2021-11-22 437
جانب من تشيع الشهيد زكي غنام
تحميل الصورة

By: Rayed Abdullatif, Salah R. Hammadi, Qassim Al-Saady


The pollution of the air is the most dangerous type of environmental contamination as the air volume on this planet is very low and people are not able to live in the absence of air for more than a few minutes, reported.


This research concentrates on analyzing the concatenation of two pollutants (PM10 and PM2.5) in the city of Karbala, Iraq.


This has been achieved by building three surveillance stations on one main street in Karbala. This street is considered is very vital in the city that links many districts and contains several governmental and health institutions such as hospitals.


The Temp-Monitor model Airing-1000 is implemented the achieve the goal of this research. It has been recognized that the spectrum levels of the PM10 and the PM2.5 were between 165.5 and 23.5 μg/m3 and between 32 and 8.1 μg/m3, respectively over the time of the investigation which begins by February 2020 and ends by July 2020. The average PM10 level from station one exceeds the annual level set by the WHO and the average PM2.5 level is below the WHO annual standard, but the PM2.5 level was greater than the WHO limit from station 2 in the middle of April 2020.


Many elements help increase PM levels in urban areas, like emissions from cars, seasons, and other events. In this regard, it has been distinguished that all components play a critical part in the development of PM concentrations.



A quarterly scientific journal issued by KCSR