Inside one of the world's great pilgrimages, invited to experience Arbaeen, a vicar ponders its perpetual lament Indian Magazine Applauds the Poetic Genius of a Kashmiri Bard Revering Karbala's Essence! Facilitating Arbaeen Pilgrimage: Pakistan Proposes Free Visas for Karbala-bound Travelers Are the Narrations of Karbala Reliable? A conversation with a Japanese clerk Sheikh Ibrahim Swada Interview with an American Orientalist Unity in Faith: Iraq and Pakistan Set the Stage for Pilgrim-Friendly Policies in Karbala and Najaf Pictures: Museum of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history? - Part II How Iraqi people became the best hosts in history - Part I The center holds a seminar On the unseen dimensions of the personality of Imam Hussein, peace be upon him (Part One) Mr. Abdul Amir Al-Quraishi receives the delegation of the Iranian Arbaeen Committee From the sea to Al-Hussein sacred slaughter place Roofing the streets of the old city (views) A delegation from Karbala Center for Studies and Research visits the Media Department at Al-Hussaini Holy Shrine Karbala: Tarateel Sajjadiyya Festival With Pictures … Arbaeen pilgrims walking from the southernmost point of Iraq Publication of the eleventh issue of (The Week) newsletter Karbala theater produced by history and represented by reality (scenes) The committees of the International Conference for the Arbaeen visitation hold their session in preparation for the conference
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12:15 PM | 2021-11-10 2044
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Karbala as seen by Encyclopedia Britannica

Karbala, Arabic Karbala, also spelled Kerbela, city, capital of Karbala muḥāfaẓah (governorate), central Iraq. One of Shiite Islam’s foremost holy cities, it lies 55 miles (88 km) southwest of Baghdad, with which it is connected by rail.

 

According to Britannica.com, the city’s religious significance derives from the Battle of Karbala (680 CE), a one-sided contest in which al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, the Shiʿi leader and grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and his small party were massacred by a much larger force sent by the Umayyad caliph Yazīd I.

 

Imam Ḥusayn’s shrine, located in the city, is one of the most important Shiʿi shrines and centers of pilgrimage, including the annual Arbaʿeen pilgrimage 40 days after the commemoration of Ḥusayn’s martyrdom. Wahhābī raiders destroyed it in 1801, but it was soon rebuilt.

 

Shiʿi Muslims consider burial in one of the city’s many cemeteries a sure means of reaching paradise. The city’s religious community has maintained close ties with coreligionists in Iran, as large numbers of Iranians visit the city during pilgrimages to Ḥusayn’s holy shrine.

 

Karbala still functions as a trade center and a departure point for the pilgrimage to Mecca. The city’s older section is enclosed by a wall, with the newer buildings to the south. Karbala has been a center of discontent with the country’s rulers. Civil discord was brutally put down there after the Persian Gulf War (1990–91). The city suffered little damage during the initial phase (2003) of the Iraq War, but it has been subject to violence since then.

 

 

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