A phenomenological study of Arbaeen foot pilgrimage in Iraq
April 2018 Tourism Management Perspectives 26:9-19
Umme Salma Mujtaba Husein
This paper analyzes motivations and experiences of foot-pilgrims in their journey to Karbala(Iraq) during the¹ Arbaeen pilgrimage. The study deploys an interpretivist paradigm consisting of a phenomenological approach and incorporates the Shia Islamic worldview to synthesize the findings. Findings reveal that Arbaeen foot-pilgrim's motives are driven by perpetual rituals practiced by the Shia community, and concern for society (umma). The ‘umma’ element recurred as a key motive for those who repeated the Arbaeen foot-pilgrimage. The experiential component emerging of the results indicate: religious; bodily; and hospitality/humanitarian aspects to be the significant elements of experiences. Managerial implications including future planning and policy are deliberated.