Facebook Facebook Twitter YouTube Telegram

The beginnings of British diplomatic representation in Karbala

12:53 PM | 2021-12-12 458
جانب من تشيع الشهيد زكي غنام
تحميل الصورة

In its Vol. VII, p. 373, the Karbala Civilizational Encyclopedia, issued by Karbala Center for Studies and Research at the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein “AS”, has narrated the beginnings of British diplomatic representation in Iraq, and in the holy city of Karbala in particular.

 

The KCSR’s encyclopedia pointed out that the British diplomatic representation in Iraq began in 1723 AD when the England-owned East India Company established a residency in Basra run by a resident under the supervision of the British representative in Bandar Abbas.

In the seventies of the nineteenth century, the British authorities entrusted the task of supervising the Indians in the holy cities of Karbala and Kadhimiya, to two Indian agents bearing the status of British honorary agent, but the Ottoman authorities did not recognize them and therefore they did not have official status.

 

On August 10, 1893 AD, the Ottoman state issued an order to the governor of Baghdad, Hassan Rafiq Pasha, to recognize the British agent in Karbala, Agha Ibrahim, as a consular agent, at a request of the British government.

 

In 1903, based on the proposals of the British Political Resident and Consul in Baghdad, Colonel “Muckler,” and with the approval of the Ottoman Empire, the position of the Consular Agent in Karbala was changed into a Vice-Consul, whose salary and expenses were borne by the Government of India. The duties of that agent were assumed by one of the British subjects of the Afghani nationals in Iraq between 1903-1914 AD, which was Mirza Muhammad Hassan Muhsin al-Qandahari.

 

As for the duties of British diplomats in Iraq, they were represented in five tasks, the supervision of the affairs of British subjects, taking care of the interests of foreigners whose countries do not have consular bodies in Iraq, collecting intelligence information, and supporting the interests and influence of the British in Iraq, as well as monitoring foreign activity, especially German activity, and managing the Oudh endowment, which Britain used to influence the affairs of the holy shrines.

 

 

A quarterly scientific journal issued by KCSR alssebt.com
India’s Hooghly Imambara is an icon of religious unity Al-Ukhaidhir Fortress in Karbala The complete works of Pakistan's most eminent living poet who wrote about Karbala, published Imam Hussain's (AS)’s sacrifice an example of righteousness World's greatest feast of love in deserts of Iraq -Part II- World's greatest feast of love in deserts of Iraq -Part I- Arbaeen Walk: A Life-Changing Journey Announcement The story of Karbala Part II The most important challenges facing Karbala’s health sector, a poll by KCSR reveals The story of Karbala Part I Indian prime Minister calls to remember Imam Hussain’s sacrifices on the day of Ashura Ashura:The day that is marked across the whole world Thousands observe 7th Muharram rituals in Kashmir's Srinagar  The story of Karbala was written by Imam Hussein's blood: Pakistani Academic Imam Hussein’s loyal Companions in Karbala Pictures: The KCSR covered in black, marking the first days of Muharram 1444 AH Pictures: Kashmir covered in black to observe Karbala tragedy Zainabia Islamic Center in Australia to Host Karbala Mourning Ceremonies Najaf-Karbala railway project to be discussed by Iraq’s GCIR, China’s Norinco Company